According to a press briefing given by Russian Chief of staff Valery Gerasimov to foreign military attachés in Dec 2019, Russian soldiers have replaced the broken “Oko” missile strike, early warning group of satellites, with satellites from the “Kupol” system and it's currently active.

ESK Satellite

The TASS press agency reports that, in his presentation, Gerasimov showed slides of the structure of Russia’s missile early warning system. A satellite was also shown with the inscription “KA EKS Kupol” that's Space Apparatus of the Unified Space System “Kupol”). Gerasimov had stated that another EKS satellite had been launched, which increased Russia’s ability to detect missile launches.
The Russian Defense Ministry stated previously that the satellites of the new system had been named “Tundra”. Readers may note that the primary satellite of the system was launched in 2015. During this article, Defence Talks analyzes, how Russian plans to defend itself from incoming missiles with Kupol early warning system & A-135 missile defense?


Advance militaries are developing and deploying a missile defense system. The thought is to knock out incoming enemy’s missile with its own interceptor missile - it's like hitting a bullet with another bullet. Any system like this may need components that will continuously track the enemy missile the instant it's launched.

Ground-based early warning system design

A ground-based radar can’t see a missile launch from a foreign territory and this is often where a space-based system is required which will provide ‘early warning’. These satellites identify missile launches from space and supply this information to radars stations on the bottom. This prior info can help the ground-based radars have a high-level idea of where to seem for the incoming projectile.

So, basically, the satellites and ground-based radars complement one another and together feed the trajectory of the incoming missile to other components of missile defense systems. Russia has an A-135 missile defense system that protects Moscow, also as several other missile defense and counterattack resources.


EKS is meant as a replacement for the present system of early warning satellites called Oko, which had its first launch in 1972 and was described in 2005 as "hopelessly outdated”. Oko has two sorts of satellites: US-KMO is in geosynchronous orbits and has an infrared telescope to spot missile launches.US-K are in Molniya orbits and are an earlier model with optical telescopes and infrared sensors.
The Ok system is formed from eight satellites. The Oko system has two control centers with the most one being Serpukhov-15 outside Moscow. Oko is a component of the most Centre for Missile Attack Warning which is under the Space Command (KK) of the Russian Aerospace Defence Forces. In 2014 Kommersant published that the primary satellite, of a kind named Tundra, would be launched in 2014. RUSSIA PREPARING KUPOL EARLY WARNING SYSTEM
Consistent with that report, they might operate highly elliptical orbits. The satellite wasn't launched in 2014, however. it had been eventually launched from the Plesetsk Cosmodrome on Revolutionary Organization 17 November 2015, employing a Soyuz 2.1b rocket with a Fregat stage, under the name EKS-1 or Tundra-11L The new group now consists of three satellites, including one launched this year. By 2022, Russia expects to launch a complete of nine new satellites.


The A-135 may be a Russian anti-ballistic missile system deployed around Moscow to intercept incoming warheads targeting the town or its surrounding areas. A memo from the archives of Vitalii Leonidovich Kataev, written around 1985, had envisaged that the system "will be completed in 1987 to supply protection from a strike of 1–2 modern and prospective ICBMs and up to 35 Pershing 2-type intermediate-range missiles”.
It's to be noted that Pershing 2 was an American medium-range missile of that era. A-135 may be a successor to the previous A-35 and complies with the 1972 Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty. The system is operated by the 9th Division of Anti-Missile Defence, a part of the Air Defence and Missile Defence Command of the Russian Aerospace Defence Forces. The A-135 system attained an "alert" (operational) status on February 17, 1995.
A-135 consists of the Don-2N battle management radar and two sorts of Anti Ballistic Missiles. It gets its data from the broader Russian early-warning radar network, that's sent to the command center which then forwards tracking data to the Don-2N radar. The Don-2N radar may be a large battle-management phased array radar with 360° coverage. RUSSIA PREPARING KUPOL EARLY WARNING SYSTEM A-135 has 2 sorts of interceptor components - 68 active launchers of short-range 53T6 endoatmospheric interceptor nuclear-tipped missiles, 12 or 16 missiles each, deployed at five launch sites & 16 launchers of long-range 51T6 exoatmospheric interceptor nuclear-tipped missiles, 8 missiles each, are located at two launch sites. The long-range 51T6 interceptor was deactivated in February 2007 and is predicted to get replaced by a more modern missile - PRS-1M soon.


Russia last year claimed it had successfully test-launched a replacement hypersonic interceptor missile system with a precision unmatched by the other country. consistent with a tweet from the Russian Ministry of Defense, the reported launch happened at Sary-Shagan, an anti-ballistic missile testing home in Kazakhstan.
The tweet included a video of the test launch which showed the missile being launched from the location. Anyone won't to watching a missile launch will find this missile launch especially interesting since it seems incredibly fast. The MOD only indicated that the weapon successfully struck the designated dummy target.
As per reports, the Russian Military conducted the primary test ever of the PRS-1M interceptor in November 2017 from Kazakhstan and therefore the other on Lincoln's Birthday, 2018, from an equivalent location. The PRS-1M is estimated to possess a variety of 2000 km or 1250 miles which is analogous to its predecessor. RUSSIA PREPARING KUPOL EARLY WARNING SYSTEM
As stated in a piece of writing by which was analyzing the missile, 'the new product's killing zone is practically one and a half times greater in terms of altitude and range.' It added, 'Interception of enemy ICBM warheads is now assured at an altitude substantially above 50 km (31 miles). The missile carries a nuclear warhead of several kilotons.

Missile defense is one of the most technologically challenging quests and it requires detection as well as interception systems to work perfectly in tandem. Only a few nations have this kind of capability. The U.S has been investing a significant amount of effort in developing anti-missile defense systems.
One of these is GMD or Ground-Based Midcourse Defense which is designed with an aim to protect against incoming missiles by engaging them during the midcourse phase of ballistic trajectory flight in space. The system is designed to protect the U.S mainland. GMD is the only system that is available to the U.S military which can intercept Inter-Continental Ballistic Missiles (ICBM). RUSSIA PREPARING KUPOL EARLY WARNING SYSTEM
In 2019, America’s Ground-Based Interceptor (GBI) from the Ground-Based Midcourse Defense system has successfully destroyed an Intercontinental Ballistic Missile (ICBM) in a test. When it comes to strategic equilibrium and deterrence it is paramount that Russia fields a well equipped ballistic missile defense.
This is especially true since on 2nd August 20119 one of the most important arms control treaties - the INF Treaty formally expired. Russia is lagging behind the U.S when it comes to early warning satellites. The new satellite deployment is a way to mitigate the issue and will be a good compliment to the PRS-1M interceptor.



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